Animal Welfare Act 2006
The Animal Welfare Act introduced on April 6th 2007 received Royal Assent in 2006.
From April 2007, the Act will repeal the Protection of Animals Act 1911 and the
Abandonment of Animals Act 1960. The new Act increases and introduces new penalties
to tackle acts of cruelty, neglect, mutilation, tail docking, animal fighting and
the giving of pets as prizes. In addition to this it will introduce a duty of care
for all pet owners to provide for their animals a suitable environment, a suitable
diet, the ability to exhibit normal behaviour patterns, protection from pain, suffering,
injury and disease and consideration of the animal's needs to be housed with, or
apart from, other animals.
The Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005
Under this Act, you could be fined up to £1,000 for breaching dog control orders.
Local authorities can make orders for standard offences including: failing to remove
dog faeces, not keeping a dog on a lead, not putting and keeping a dog on a lead
when directed to do so, permitting a dog to enter land from which dogs are excluded
and taking more than a specified number of dogs on to land. The Clean Neighbourhoods
and Environment Act also updates the law on stray dogs by transferring the responsibility
for strays from the police to the local authorities.
Dog wardens are obliged to seize stray dogs and the police, for now, still have
discretionary power to seize stray dogs under the Dogs Act 1906. The finder of a
stray dog must return it to its owner (if known), or take it to the local authority. It
is illegal to take a found dog into your home without reporting it to the local council
Dog Warden first.
If you want to retain the dog, this might be allowed, provided you are capable of
looking after the dog and agree to keep it for at least 28 days. However, the original
owner could still have a claim for the dog's return.
Byelaws on noisy animals
If your dog's barking causes a serious nuisance to neighbours, the local authority
can serve a noise abatement notice, which if unheeded can result in you paying fines
and legal expenses.
The Control of Dogs Order 1992
This mandates that any dog in a public place must wear a collar with the name and
address (including postcode) of the owner engraved or written on it, or engraved
on a tag. Your telephone number is optional (but advisable).
Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (section 3)
It is a criminal offence (for the owner and/or the person in charge of the dog)
to allow a dog to be ‘dangerously out of control' in a public place, a place where
it is not permitted to be, and some other areas. A ‘dangerously out of control'
dog can be defined as a dog that has injured someone or a dog that a person has
grounds for reasonable apprehension that it may do so.
Something as simple as your dog chasing, barking at or jumping up at a person or
child could lead to a complaint, so ensure that your dog is under control at all
If your dog injures a person, it may be seized by the police and your penalty may
include a prison sentence and/or a ban on keeping dogs. There is also an automatic
presumption that your dog will be destroyed (unless you can persuade the court that
it is not a danger to the public, in which case it may be subject to a control order).
You may also have to pay a fine, compensation and costs.
The following breeds are banned under the Dangerous Dog Act:
American Pit Bull Terriers, Fila Brasiliero, Dogo Argentino and Japanese Tosa.
The Road Traffic Act 1988
It is an offence to have a dog on a designated road without it being held on a lead.
Local authorities may have similar bye-laws covering public areas. Dogs travelling
in vehicles should not be a nuisance or in any way distract the driver during a
journey. If a dog is injured in a car accident, the driver must stop and give their
details to the person in charge of the dog. If there is no person in charge of the
dog, the incident must be reported to the police within 24 hours.
Dogs (Protection of Livestock) Act 1953
Your dog must not worry (chase or attack) livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs,
horses and poultry) on agricultural land, so keep your dog on a lead around livestock.
If your dog worries livestock, the farmer has the right to stop your dog (even by
shooting your dog in certain circumstances).
Dogs Act 1871
It is a civil offence if a dog is dangerous (to people or animals) and not kept
under proper control (generally regarded as not on a lead nor muzzled). This law
can apply wherever the incident happened. The dog can be subject to a control or
a destruction order and you may have to pay costs.